Experts say a coordinated effort by government and the market is still needed to propel wind projects across the finish line.

Up and down the Atlantic coast, states and offshore wind developers are making significant progress in advancing offshore projects, according to a new report.

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The report finds up to six gigawatts (GW) of offshore wind projects have been proposed along the Atlantic coast – the equivalent of about five coal-fired power plants and enough to power about 1.5 million average U.S. homes. Based on government analysis, the Atlantic Ocean has significant offshore wind potential, with over 212 GW of wind resources in shallow waters where current technology is best suited.

“More than 980 offshore wind turbines are spinning right now in Europe and not one in the Atlantic, said Curtis Fisher, Offshore Wind Leader, National Wildlife Federation, Northeast Regional Center. “The six gigawatts of proposed Atlantic offshore wind projects are a great start, but we need a coordinated and comprehensive effort of government and the market to bring these and other projects over the finish line in a way that values fish and wildlife. This new industry holds great potential to create jobs, cut pollution, and reduce our reliance on dirty fossil fuels.

The report, Offshore Wind in the Atlantic: Growing Momentum for Jobs, Energy Independence, Clean Air, and Wildlife Protection, makes the following key findings:

  • Every state with significant offshore wind resources from Maine to Georgia has some taken some steps forward on offshore wind. Northern states (Maine to Maryland) have the most advanced projects while Southern states (Virginia to Georgia) are quickly mobilizing on a series of projects. See detailed chart and state profiles.
  • The Atlantic’s shallow water characteristics combined with excellent wind speed make it an ideal location for offshore wind farms. 93 percent (42 out of the 45) of offshore wind projects worldwide are in shallow waters (zero to 30 meters deep). Close to half of the United States’ shallow water offshore wind is along the Atlantic coast.
  • While the most extensive European study concluded that offshore wind farms do not appear to have long-term or large-scale ecological impacts, major data gaps for the Atlantic Ocean still exist and site-specific impacts need to be evaluated. A coordinated, comprehensive, and well-funded effort is needed to address these gaps and improve the permitting process.

For more on this article and report: http://www.nwf.org/News-and-Magazines/Media-Center/News-by-Topic/Global-Warming/2010/12-01-10-Offshore-Atlantic-Wind-is-Next-Clean-Energy-Wave.aspx

Source: National Wildlife Federation

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